add or change details THE DANUBE DELTA

Fish Information
PIKE (Esox Lucius):
areas: Fortuna Lake, Sontea channel, Holbina area;
season: beginning of July – December (till the first freezing);
usual average: 1 – 3 kilos;
PIKE PERCH (Lucioperca Lucioperca):
areas: Channel no 5, Sinoe lake, Sfantu Gheorghe village;
season: whole summer (June – September);
usual average: 1.5 – 5 kilos;
CARP (Cyprinus Carpio):
areas: Sontea channel, Sfantu Gheorghe (Saint George) arm;
season: beginning of July – September ;
usual average: 3 – 20 kilos;
SHEAT FISH / CAT FISH (Silurus Glanis):
areas: Sfantu Gheorghe (Saint George) arm;
season: April, also July – October;
usual average: 4 – 30 kilos.

• it’s the youngest land in Europe (it grows larger by 40 m of land every year);
• the second largest delta in Europe (Volga is the first) and the 23rd in the world;
• the third in ecological significance among the 300 reserves of the world;

• a highly productive area generating a large range of biological resources;
• one of the largest and most compact reed areas in the world (240,000 ha);
• a place with the richest ornithological fauna in the world (over 250 species);
• a combination of natural and man-made ecosystems and ecotones, i.e. fresh water, sea water, terrestrial ecotones, running and stagnant waters, marshes, easily flooded zones, river levees, maritime levees, reclamation zones for agriculture, pisciculture, forestry etc.. In the Danube Delta there are islands of old forests with subtropical species of vegetation rare for this part of the world placed between 45 degrees latitude north and 29 degrees longitude east, at half-distance between the Equator and the North Pole;
• the most important wetland area in South Eastern Europe, with a significant role to the regional and global water cycle;
• an area of highest diversity with insects, birds and fishes and a crossroads for migratory birds;
• a place where globally endangered and therefore rare species of birds are to be found, like Dalmatian pelicans, pygmy cormorants, red-breasted geese, or Pelecanus crispus, Pelecanus oncrotalus, Egretta alba, Egretta garzeta;
• a zone of fisheries covering some 90 species of fresh, brackish and salt water fishes, whether sedentary or migratory, among which rare species like the Acipenseriadae;
• one of the fewest places in the world which shelter mammals like Mustella lutreola and the otter (Lutra lutra).

At the end of 2860 km covered from its springs (Donaueschingen – Black Forest Mountains – in Germany) till the Black Sea (ancient Pontus Euxinus) the Danube river is building up for more than 10000 years one of the most beautiful delta in Europe (after the Volga river delta) and the twenty-third on the Earth (after the delta of Indigirka river in Asia), by the richness of its landscape and of its fauna – among which birds hold the first place – the Danube Delta presents a very particular interest from scientific touristic and economical points of view.
The real surface of the Danube Delta is 4152 kmp, out of which the greatest part is situated on the romanian teritory, respectively 3466 kmp; has been formed in a gulf starting from the Upper Pleistocene, by creating an offshore bar who had closed it and transformed it into a lagoon. Danube Delta has evoluated in closely connection with the tree Danubian arms: Sf. Gheorghe, Sulina and Chilia.
The Danube Delta maintaining delta’s characteristicsis a plane region; positive forms of the relief called “grinduri” have different genesis: marine levee (Letea, Caraorman, Saraturile, Crasnicol, etc.), river banks, continental lands (Chilia, Stipoc). Another morphohydrographical categories are: lakes, wetland, arms, streamlets and main channels.
The values of the main climatic parameters are: lowest nebulousness, 70 days with blue sky, 2500 hours/year of sun shining, 125-135 kcal/cmp/year sun radiation, between 11-11,4 C the average yearly temperature, precipitations between 350-450 mm/year.
The deltaic space differentiation is the result of time evolution wich had determinated the formation of the river banks, of the marine levees, of the lakes, streamlets, wetland, respectively of the ecosystems. As a young region in full proces of consolidation, the Danube Delta represents a very favourable place for the development of such a flora and fauna – unique in Europe – with numerous rare species.

The aquaqtic medium is prevalent, so that flora and fauna will be aquatic. The terrestrial medium is also present on wich a xerophile flora and an adequate fauna are growing. It’s a specific flora and fauna for the east-European steppe with Mediteranean influences. Between these two mediums the swampy, easily flooded medium is interposing, wich has a special flora and fauna, with alternative possibilities of adaptation (water, land) depending on the seasonal and yearly hydrological regime.

Ychthyofauna dominates the ecosystem of running waters and it’s represented by: carp, pike perch, sheat fish, rapacious carp, little sturgeon, sterlet, vyza, Danube mackerel, marine sturgeon, common sturgeon, stor sturgeon. In the lakes there could find species like Tinca, Abramis, Scardinius, Carasssius, Perca, Esox, etc.

Birds are giving to the Danube Delta, beside the attractive and characteristic landscape the fame it had gained into the world. Out of 280 bird species it’s estimated that 177 species are hatching species and 103 are not; 44 hatching species are sedentaries and 133 migratories. The non-hatching species are winter guests and only passing over in spring and autumn. By its geographical origin the birds are belonging to the following types: pontical, sarmathian, Black Sea, east Elba and Carpathian.
Among the 280 species of birds, law protects 10 of them; some being declared nature monuments, because they threatened to disappear. The protected birds can be divided in two clusters, by the colour of their plumage: white birds (common and Dalmatian pelicans, spoonbill, big and small egrets, silent and singing swan) and polychrome birds (gruidae, wod-pecker, white and red start, white tailed eagle). Another three species focus the scientist’s attention in order to be protected: crane, danubian falcon and land’s bird. In the ecosystem of marshy and flooding surfaces we could find also tufted duck, ferrouginous duck, red crested pochard, mallard, greylag goose, pygmy cormorant, purple heron, great white egret, glossy ibis, etc.
Among the bird species wich are wintering in the Danube Delta we can mention: red breasted goose, more than 20000 and more 1 million swans, wild ducks, bald coots.

The vegetation is prevailing emerse, constituted of common reed and near by river banks, mace reed, sedge, dutch rush, brook mint, grey willow.
A peculiar place is occupied by floating reed islet formation, wich is a mixture of reed roots, herbs and soil, usually floating or fixed on the bottom of the depressions.
As a rule, the reed plots surround the lakes or the lacustrine complexes, which they invade as time goes on.
On the river banks is the domain of willows, canadian or white poplars which forming sometimes corridors along the Danube’s arms and bigger channels.
The floral picture of marine tops of a bank ridge is more complex and interesting from the scientific point of view. On the marine levees Letea and Caraorman with a sand dune relief, forest of oaks had been developed in a mixture with another species and liana, wich give them a tropical aspect. In the floral spectrum of these entities, we mention various species of tres as: Quercus, Fraxinus, Ulmus, Populus, also shrubs, climbing plants and most interesting tropical liana with 25m length (Periploca graeca).

Among the mammals of delta’s ecosystem there are: otter, mink, little ermine, wild boar, wild cat, fox with balck belly, hare, enot dog, bizam, nutria, more rarely wolf.

In 1990, the Danube Delta together with the lacustrine complex Razim-Sinoe had been declared a Biosphere Reserve. Already, some experts of UNESCO have visited the Danube Delta; also the well-known commander Jacques-Yves Cousteau and his “Cousteau Foundation” team have studied Danube Delta in 1991 and created an international centre for education, training and scientific meetings in enviromental protection and delta’s ecology problems.

Tulcea – the capital of this district, archaeological dated by the ruins of Geto-Dacian camp: Aegyssus (VIII Century B.C.); Danube Delta Museum with four sections (natural sciences, art, ethnography, and archaeology-history); Saint Nicholas Cathedral (built in1865); The edifice of Spiru Haret Secondary School (the first secondary school in Dobrodja-1883); Mosque Azizia restored in1924 on the model of the mosque built by Ismail Pasa in 1877.
Sulina – documentary atested from 950 under the name of Sellina. The building of ex Danube European Comission (CED), the old fixed beacon for about 18,5 m built in 1802, restored by CED in 1870 and situated into the middle of the town; city cemeteries (orthodox, catholic, protestant, anglican) between the city and the beach – an open book for the passing people. On Sulina arm, near Crisan, fishing ground (the 13-th sea mile left shore) was restored (1989), the obelisque with the original inscription made on a copper plate, with the following content: “Cette collone a été élevée en l’honneur de Sa Majesté Charles I-er, le roi de la Roumanie, qui le 5/17 mai 1894 a daigné inaugurer la coupure du 8e au 18 milliaire” (it’s about the Great M’s cutting).
In Nufarul village, on Sf. Gheorghe right’s arm, existed the Roman walled city Talamorium, which became (between X-XIV centuries) Perislava fortress.
In Murighiol – 3 km from this locality, we find the vestiges of Roman-Byzanthian stronghold (IV-VI A.D. centuries).
Near Bestepe hills (on the right side of Sf. Gheorghe arm) are to be found the traces of a Getic fortress (since IV century B.C.).
A well developed sea beach lies near Sf. Gheorghe town. In the same area we can see the new lighthouse arose, built in 1868, 57,2 m high and the pitoresque small fishing village.
A beautiful peasant’s farm – which is now museum is placed in Enisala, and a few km from Jurilovca there are the ruins of Heracleea (Enisala) medieval fortress (from XIV century).
In Babadag, traces of Tracian – Hallstattian’s culture were identified (XI-VII centuries B.C.). Here we also notice: Ali-Gaza-Pasa Mosque (which is the oldest Musulman construction from Romania, XVIII century), with the fountain and the tomb of Baba-Sari-Saltik Dede situated in it’s yard, and the Oriental Art Hall from Panaghia house. On Dolosman promontory near Jurilovca village there are the ruins of Argamum, Graeco-Roman fortress (V B.C. – VI A.D.), and in Jurilovca is to be found an ethnographical museum and Pocrova Church (1871).
In the Roman-Byzanthian Histria fortress (between VII century B.C.-VII century A.D.), part of the walls and other edificies were partially reconstitued, and an archaeological museum was created.

DANUBE DELTA TOURS is a Romanian travelling company, organizing ecological trips to the Danube Delta.
Our programs are targeted to amateurs who are willing to discover the richness and the diversity of this remote place of wilderness in Europe, as well as to specialists who may find there a wild field of observation and research.

The range of programs:
one-week trip to the Danube Delta, for amateurs;
the same, for specialists (with scientific assistance);
two-weeks trip to the Danube Delta, for amateurs, including one day to Dobrodja;
the same, for specialists, including two days to Dobrodja;
programs for older people;
special programs for students;
one-day trips to the Danube Delta (for groups there are in circuits or at the seaside);
programs for fishermen (pike, pike perch, cat fish, perch, carp etc.);
weekend programs;

Delta Tours can offer to you the following services:
transfer Bucharest (Otopeni apt.) – Tulcea – Bucharest (Otopeni apt);
accommodation on board of the house boat in DB cabins;
full board, with a welcome cocktail, an evening with a camping fire and fishing meals, a good-bye evening;
rowing boats and boatmen, according to the program;
specialized guide;
a conference about Danube Delta;
luggage transport;
all required DD fees.

Supplementary services:
SG cabins;
scientifically assistance (when it isn’t included in the program);

General facilities:
Our house boat, a real floating hotel, has 28 seats in DB cabins, bar – restaurant with AC,
4 bathrooms with shower cabins and toilets and a high, panoramic deck, endowed with tables, chairs and long chairs. All the necessary installations (electricity, running water, hot water, refrigerators, heating during cold months) provide a full comfort.
The motor boat may be used separately for short trips; it’s endowed with kitchen, living room and toilet.
According to the season, the water level, the length of the trip and the wishes of the tourists, the programs include visits to different areas to the Danube Delta.
As a confirmation to our experience and quality services please find bellow some representative personalities enjoyed our tours: Mr. Stephen Pattison – General Consul of U. S. Embassy, Mr. Steffen Skovmand – European Community, Mrs. Grazyna Kawka – ex-District Manager of British Airways, Mr. Andrew Bramston – General Manager of Nestle Romania, staff personal of U.K.Embasssy (Mr. Christopher Crabbie, the U.K. Ambassador till sept. 1999), Swiss Embassy (Mr. Jean Claude Joseph, Ambassadeur de Suisse), German Embassy, French Embassy, Spain Embassy (First Secretary Consul), Swissair, Lufthansa, Lutas, etc.
We are at your disposal any time with detailed offers, including the programs and prices, as well as any further information.

Bucharest, 7 Scarlatescu Street, Sector1,
78158, Bucharest, Romania
Tel: +40 - 1 - 3122585
Fax: +40 - 1 - 3129762



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